Not many people find hair loss a good thing. No, especially to millions of women and men with the condition.
Hair loss is a great source of many forms of insecurities as much as it is a potentially multifactorial matter to resolve.
This is the main problem about hair loss. It may not be what it appears to be which is why reversing the process can be a daunting task. For this reason, before administering any treatment, it is important to understand the several hair loss causes.
- DHT: For many years, experts believe that it is the amount of free testosterone that causes hair loss. However, while it is true that testosterone, the male hormone responsible for male sexual characteristics, is the core of hair loss, dihydrotestosterone is the key to it, coupled with genetic predisposition.
DHT is the aggressive chemical cousin of testosterone that binds with the androgen receptors in the hair follicles. Through this manner, blood flow to the follicles is significantly inhibited, causing malnutrition to the follicles. Malnourished follicles reduce in size and are crippled of their ability to produce healthy hair.
- Proteins: In the March 21 issue of the Science Translational Medicine, experts believe that a specific protein called prostaglandin D2 (PGD2) is one of the additional hair loss causes.
Prostaglandin D2 synthase (PTGDS) and the product of its activity, PGD2, are elevated in the bald scalp of men with AGA compared with hairy scalp of men with AGA. This would later constitute the conclusion that PGD2 inhibits hair growth.
- Hormonal Imbalance: Both men and women are prone to internal imbalance. Women, however, experience several hormonal changes such as during pregnancy and menopause. Hormonal changes cause hair loss and hair thinning.
- Trauma: Trauma on the hair shafts and hair follicles leads to hair loss with non-specific patterns. Anything that causes hair loss such as burns, traction, chemical misuse, or any other forms of physical trauma is stressful to the hair follicles in the scalp, thus impairing their ability to produce hair.
- Fungus and Diseases: Lupus, diabetes, seborrheic dermatitis, and other fungal infections and diseases can lead to the loss of hair, mostly by patches since they weaken the hair shafts.
- Nutritional Deficiency: Malnutrition of the hair follicles reduces their size to which hair loss follows. The lack of essential vitamins and minerals for hair growth causes malnutrition. Iron-deficiency anemia, anorexia, and vitamin B12 deficiency cause poor hair regrowth and hair loss.